Ahmad Ibn Fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from Ibn Fadlan’s Risalah is considered the only extant firsthand account of the. Ahmad Ibn Fadlan met with the Vikings in Volga Bulgaria. His chronicle called Risala includes detailed information and observations about them. The travel. But perhaps the most memorable passages in the Risala, his account of his journeys, concern the Varangians, In , the Arab traveler Ahmad ibn Fadlan (fl.

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The diary gives the most vivid accounts of the observant, erudite and politically fluent outsider, who brings in his observations a spice of his Moslem background.

So, he was seized in Marv and tied down. They, and first of all the academician I. And he was handy, quick-witted.

Ibn-Fadlan – “Risalya” – TurkicWorld

Some of them in checks in detail the seam of his jacket and cracks louses with his teeth. Who eats them, does not doubt that tadlan is a pomegranate fruit. Hence the purpose of Ibn Fadlan’s mission: The basic motive which attracted them was the material wealth of the region. Their speech is like the croaking of frogs.

The Travels of Ibn Fadlan

I did ahmwd see in their country anything faclan larger quantity than the walnut trees. Then I ordered him to sit down, and during the reading of the Nadir al-Hurami letter he was sitting. And really, at the malik I saw three big bowls, similar to the Yemen shells “jaz”, he told me that they bowls are made from the base of the horn of this animal.


No merchant or some one else can make ablution after uncleanness in their presence, but only at night when they do not see him.

Ahmad ibn Fadlan

Did you like our new website design? Bibliography of manuscripts I. They are described as having the most perfect bodies, tall as palm-trees, with blond hair and ruddy skin. When we were from him at two farsahshe met us himself, and when he saw us, he dismounted and dropped to the ground, bowing with gratitude to Allah great, mighty.

The ornaments they prize the most are the dark-green ceramic beads they have on their boats: So, they take him, put on his neck a rope and hang him up on a tree until he dies. And really, once I saw him when he went next to us, riding a horse, and a goose flew by.

And still another said: Before that, about the Itil Bulgars was officially known in Russia only from the works of V. At the top of the fork it carries a leaf on each arm, a wide, spread on the ground, where the plants are like spread out, and among leaves are berries.

Perception of the Vikings from Ibn Fadlan’s glance in al-Risala

The Arab farsa k h aka farasakh was approximately 5. She also removed two anklets she was wearing, handing them to the two slave-girls who waited upon her: So, I instructed the malik, that that is not allowed, and taught him what are the correct rights of lbn, until he completely comprehended them. And sometimes the bride money are the camels or horses or something similar. Probably, a copy of the 16th century.


So they placed two slave-girls in charge of her rosala take care of her and accompany her wherever she went, even that they sometimes washed her feet with their hands. Six men entered the tent and all had intercourse with the slave-girl.

In one of the days he summoned the leaders who are close to him, and they are the following: So, I named him “Abdallah”, riwala he said: I saw rksala during sunrise in that country everything is turned red, whatever is there, the land, and the mountains, and everything what a man sees, and the ascending sun is like a cloud in size, and this redness lasts until it reaches the meridian. Ibn Fadhlan describes the hygiene of the Rusiyyah as disgusting while also noting with some astonishment that they comb their hair every day and considers them vulgar and unsophisticated.

They were Vikings, part of the vast group of nations that had burst onto the pages of history late in the eighth century. Then the interest of the author shifts towards another direction: