Xenophon’s masterpiece, The Education of Cyrus, is a work that was admired by Machiavelli for its lessons on leadership. Also known as the Cyropaedia, this. F. M. S. CYROPAEDIA THE EDUCATION OF CYRUS BOOK I [C.1] We have had occasion before now to reflect how often democracies have been overthrown. LibriVox recording of Cyropaedia: The Education of Cyrus by Xenophon. ( Translated by H. G. Dakyns.) Read in English by Larry Wilson; Lynne.

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For no sane man can be lured to his own destruction. Despite these efforts, the Project’s etexts and any medium they may be on may contain “Defects”. This was at least partly because it discusses historical subjects but disagrees with the consensus view of the period. I didn’t learn as much about Cyrua the Erucation as I did crus what Xenophon thought what characteristics a good ruler should have. But the travellers were not far on their way when suddenly the Mede came galloping after them, his charger covered with foam.

But when the Assyrian army saw their friends in trouble they pushed forward, rank on rank, saying to themselves the pursuit would stop when their own movement was seen. I will leave you now eduxation choose your own men, and when all is ready you will march into Media at educatiion head. View all 4 comments. A lad who has passed through a public school has a right to go and take his place among the youths, but those who have not gone through the first course may not join them.

His very gifts, though they should be less than the gifts of equals, are valued more.

Encyclopædia Iranica

But the Armenian, when he heard what the messenger had to say, was terror-stricken: Xenophon and the Persian EmpireHanover, N. The Medes will march on our left, half the Armenians on our right, and the rest in the van to lead the way, the cavalry in our rear, to cheer us on and push us forward and let none of us give way. Cyrus, we know, found the readiest obedience in his subjects, though some of them dwelt at a distance which it would take days and months to traverse, and cyrs them were men who had never set eyes on him, and for the matter of that could never hope to do so, and yet they were willing to obey him.

If we were to charge the others now, these friends of theirs would charge us, for our full strength is not yet on the field. Cyrropaedia Sancisi-Weerdenburg Originally Published: And what do you take your own to be?


The book opens with the author stating that the work started as a reflection about what it is that makes people willingly obey some rulers and not others. Meanwhile his father, Cambyses, rejoiced to hear such tidings of his son; but, when he heard that he was already cyropzedia like a man of years, he thought it full time to call him home again that he might complete his training in the discipline of his fatherland.

An Athenian of good social position, endowed with a gift of eloquence and of literary style, a pupil of Socrates, a distinguished soldier, an historian, an essayist, a sportsman, and a lover of the country, he represents a type of country gentleman greatly honoured in English life, and this should ensure a favourable reception for one of his chief works admirably rendered into idiomatic English. Thus the prince found that he had something like a large army at his call: And when all his men had had the sleep he thought sufficient he set out for the hills.

A leader must not only have a stout heart himself; he esucation see to it that his followers are as valiant as he.

Cyropaedia: The Education of Cyrus by Xenophon – Free Ebook

The Fish That Ate the Whale: It seems that Dakyns died before Cyropaedia could be included as the planned fourth and final volume of his series, “The Works of Xenophon,” published in cyrs s by Macmillan and Co. And I will divide them among the lads. For ten years they are bound to sleep at night round the public buildings, as we said before, and this for two reasons, to guard the community and to practise self-restraint; because that season of life, the Persians conceive, stands most in need of care.

But, cyropwedia, wherever you know that a thing ought to be done, see that it is done, and done with care; for care, not carelessness, is the mark of the wise man.

One must read all the translator notes to fully appreciate the philosophical content, which mostly is not too obvious without the notes. Even during the return home his behaviour was strange; he could not forbear riding round alone to look into the faces of the slain, and those whose duty it was could hardly drag him away to lead him to Astyages: Jan 09, MM rated it it was amazing.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For their final great field battle, Croesus cgrus Lydia was general.

Then Tigranes turned to his wife and asked, “Did Cyrus seem so beautiful in your eyes? And now I call on any man here,” he added, “to stand up and say whether he believes that virtue will best be nourished among us if he who bears the greatest toil and takes the heaviest risk shall receive the highest honours.


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The Education of Cyrus by Xenophon

They were all wearing corslets and carrying light shields, but half were equipped with stout staves of fennel, and half were ordered to snatch up clods of earth and do what they could with these.

Idealized, partly fictive biography of the greatest of kings. This they do in order that, if the like necessity should arise in war, they may be found equal to it. Xenophon’s own humour shines out. We are bound to do our best in every way to rouse the spirit of our men.

The false theory of ruling in vogue in Media: The culprit convicted of refusing to repay a debt of kindness when it was fully in his power meets with severe chastisement. By this time the king of Assyria had subdued all the tribes of Syria, subjugated the king of Arabia, brought the Hyrcanians under his rule, and was holding the Bactrians in siege.

This book may be the world’s first leadership manual. Now he spoke as follows: I only ask that we should take counsel together so as to prevent the failure of your funds. It is in this main part of the work that the character Cyrus is often shown as an example of classical virtue, but is also at the same time often seen as showing Machiavellian tendencies.

In the same way the youths who have fulfilled the duties of their class are entitled eventually to rank with the men, and to share in office and honour: He has made all the petty captains under him the very models of industry; he shows them, not by word but deed, what they ought to be.

I understand the editor’s Larry Hedrick desire to make the original more readable, but I felt it read like “Leadership for Dummies. In classical antiquity, the Cyropaedia was considered the masterpiece of a very widely respected and studied author. And moreover, his curiosity and thirst for knowledge were such that he must needs inquire from every one he met the explanation of this, that, and the other; and his own wits were so lively that he was ever ready with an answer himself for any question put to him, so that talkativeness had become, as it were, his second nature.